Modern Art History in 7 Steps

1. Impressionism (1865–1885)  Capturing fleeting effects of natural light

Claude Monet   San Giorgio Maggiore at Dusk

Pierre-Auguste Renoir   Luncheon of the Boating Party

Paul Cézanne  
Still Life with Apples and Fruit Bowl

Vincent van Gogh  The Starry Night

Paul Gauguin   Two Tahitian Women

Georges Seurat   A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

2. Fauvism and Expressionism (1900–1935)  Harsh colors and flat surfaces

Henri Matisse  
Portrait of Madame Matisse   (Green Stripe)

Henri Matisse  Dance

Henri Matisse  
Icarus, plate VIII, from Jaz

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner  Marzella

Wassily Kandinsky   Color Study Squares with Concentric Circles

Marc Chagall I and the Villag

Marc Chagall  The Birthday

3. Cubism, De Stijl (1905–1920)  Art experiments: new forms express modern life

Pablo Picasso  Les Demoiselles d' Avignon

Pablo Picasso  
Le Rêve

Pablo Picasso   Mandolin and Guitar

Pablo Picasso   3 Musicians

Piet Mondrian  
Composition with Large Red Plane, Yellow, Black, Gray, and Blue

Fernand Leger   The Card Game

Georges Braque   The Painter and His Model

4. Dada and Surrealism (1917–1950)  Anti-art, painting dreams and the unconscious

Marcel Duchamp   Fountain

Marcel Duchamp  
Nude Descending a Staircase

Giorgio de Chirico  
Mystery and Melancholy of a Street

Salvador Dali   The Persistence of Memory

Man Ray   Untitled Rayograph

Rene Magritte   The Lovers

Rene Magritte   The Treachery of Images

Salvador Dali 
Lincoln in Dalivision

5. Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s)  Abstraction and expression without form

Willem de Kooning   Woman I

Jackson Pollock   No 8

Arshile Gorky   Composition

Mark Rothko  
Orange, Red, Yellow

Franz Kline   Mahoning

Franz Kline   Black Reflections

Jackson Pollock   Blue Poles: Number 11

6. Pop Art (1960s)  Popular art absorbs consumerism

Richard Hamilton  
Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing?


Andy Warhol   Triple Elvis

Robert Raushenberg     Buffalo ll

Andy Warhol  
Campbell Soup Can (Tomato)

Roy Lichtenstein   Drowning Girl

James Rosenquist   President Elect

Andy Warhol   5 Coke Bottles

7. Post Modern

Richard Prince   Untitled Cowboy

Cindy Sherman   Untitled Film Still #21

Jean-Michel Basquiat   Cassius Clay


Damian Hirst   Esculetin

Keith Haring   Three Eyed Monster

Jeff Koons  
Contemporary Balloon Dog Yellow